A SURVEY OF RISK OF INCIDENTS IN MALAYSIA Nurulhuda. J1, Ho. J. S2, Jamilah. M. Meters. 3 Malaysian Institute of Road Security Research (MIROS) Lot 125-135, Jalan TKS1, Taman Kajang Sentral, 43300 Kajang, Selangor, MALAYSIA
Background: Targeted traffic accidents ranking fifth among the list of leading cause of deaths in Malaysia. The country is burdened with more than eight billion ringgit of failures due to targeted traffic accidents yearly. Despite execution of various treatment measures over the years, the number of traffic accidents continues to rise. As an example, the number of visitors accidents back in 2007 was approximately 2 times the number of incidents recorded in 1997.
Targets: The aim of this paper is usually to provide an preliminary understanding of the crash publicity pertaining to the mobility level in various claims of Malaysia. It is interesting to explore the romance of the coverage pattern and crash risk before planning effective countermeasures. Method: Venturing information based on odometer studying was acquired through Postcard Survey. 40, 000 postcards were dispatched randomly to new fans registered together with the Road Travel Department. Effects: A total of 6, 681 motorists responded to the review. From their odometer readings, it absolutely was noted that males went 99. 06 billion kilometers while their female equivalent travelled simply 58. 69 billion kilometres. The benefits also suggested that man drivers had been nearly 3 x more at risk of being involved with road mishaps as compared to woman drivers. Significance: The conclusions are very helpful to the relevant specialists as input countermeasures in relation to the different qualities and demographics of the states can be designed. The effects also function as a reference point for point out decision manufacturers to adjust all their countermeasures for the enhancement of highway safety. Keywords: Exposure; Review; Risk
Malaysia stocks similar users of crash patterns with other developing countries in the world in past times decade. The tremendous increase of motorised vehicles within the roads features invariably led to significant rise in the number of traffic accidents. The quantity of traffic incidents in 2007 almost doubled occurred in 1997. as compared to the quantity of traffic accidents that
60 % of total fatalities reported over the years engaged motorcyclists. This kind of high crash rate has led to road incidents being the 5th leading cause of death in Malaysia (Department of Statistics, 2008) and caused 9. 3 billion ringgit of failures to the country in the year 2003 (ADB-ASEAN, 2003). In the list of world ranks, Malaysia is usually ranked forty sixth of 172 countries in terms of occurrence of deaths in registered cars due to highway accients (WHO, 2009). Determine 1 shows the rate of occurrence of accidents between 2001 and 2010.
Determine 1 Accident Records by 2001 to 2010
A large number of road protection studies have led to the convergence that the measure of risk exposure is very important for a thorough analysis of causal factors (Joly ain al., 1993). By explanation, " experience of riskвЂќ means the weeknesses of a rider or a program that may result in an accident (Chapman, 1973).
Factors of coverage can be the distance driven, the quantity of trips, the quantity of registered cars, fuel intake or the number of driver several hours. Risk on the other hand, is the rate of injuries over the direct exposure parameters.
Direct exposure analysis has become widely used to explain the variant or to rationalise how a selected group or perhaps person might be exposed to high risk of mishaps than others. One of the a lot more common variables is the number of kilometres journeyed (KT). People argue that the risk of accidents rises with the volume of travelperformed. Studies simply by Janke (1991) and Maycock (1997) demonstrated that while range driven increased linearly with all the risk of street accidents, it absolutely was not the case for those drivers who clocked decrease mileage. Drivers who went shorter ranges but who have travelled on...