Essay about mental wellness of refugees in european countries

MentalВ HealthВ ofВ RefugeesВ inВ Europe

ResearchВ Paper

Course „Notfall­ und Katastrophenpsychologie"

withВ В

Dipl. В Psych. В SusanneВ Deimling

AkkonВ UniversityВ forВ HumanВ Science

MelanieВ JeanВ Waetke

MatriculationnumberВ 3122024

SubmissionВ deadlineВ 30. 03. 2014

Melanie T. Waetke, Katastrophenpsychologie

MentalВ HealthВ ofВ RefugeesВ inВ EuropeВ

1 ) В Instruction

2 . В FactsВ aboutВ displacedВ People

several. В RefugeesВ inВ Europe

5. В ReasonsВ forВ migration

5. В RightsВ ofВ refugees

six. В MentalВ healthВ ofВ refugees

six. В ClassificationВ ofВ mentalВ illnesses

almost eight. В TreatmentВ ofВ refugeesВ withВ mentalВ healthВ problems

9. В Conclusion

10. В Bibliography

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Mental wellness of Refugees in The european union

Melanie J. Waetke, Katastrophenpsychologie

Mental Well being of Asile in The european union

1 . В MentalВ HealthВ ofВ RefugeesВ inВ Europe

IВ chooseВ thisВ topic, В becauseВ IВ thinkВ thatВ thereВ isВ anВ enourmousВ lackВ ofВ informationВ aboutВ andВ aВ seriousВ defecitВ inВ theВ regocnizationВ andВ treatmentВ ofВ refugeesВ withВ mentalВ healthВ issuesВ inВ generalВ andВ moreВ specificВ: В criticalВ incidentВ stressВ orВ postВ traumaticВ stressВ disorder. IВ wantВ toВ giveВ aВ broadВ overviewВ ofВ whoВ areВ refugees, В whichВ lawsВ doВ employВ forВ themВ andВ howВ doesВ theВ politicalВ systemВ inВ EuropeВ dealВ withВ them. В AfterВ thatВ IВ wouldВ likeВ toВ concentrateВ onВ myВ twoВ mainВ aspectsВ: ABRВ В В В (criticalВ incidentВ stress)В and

PTSDВ В (В postВ traumaticВ stressВ disorder).

FirstВ IВ amВ goingВ toВ explainВ bothВ andВ thenВ IВ amВ goingВ toВ specifyВ onВ theВ topicВ ofВ ABRВ andВ PTSDВ inВ refugeesВ inВ Europe. В

WeВ areВ goingВ toВ seeВ howВ peopleВ inВ asylumВ andВ refugeesВ getВ treatedВ andВ whatВ formsВ ofВ psychoВ­socialВ supportВ thereВ isВ forВ them.

2 . В FactsВ aboutВ DisplacedВ People

AccordingВ toВ UNВ DESAВ thereВ areВ 214В mio. В migrantsВ inВ theВ world. В (В UNВ DESA, В 2010). FurthermoreВ thereВ areВ 27, 5В mio. В IDP1В inВ 2010В (В NorwegianВ RefugeeВ Council, В 2010)В andВ 15, 4В mio. В refugeesВ worldwideВ (В UNHCR, В 2010). В

EuropeВ isВ hostingВ 72, 1В mio. В immigrantsВ (В UNВ DESA, В 2008)В andВ 1, 6В mioВ refugeesВ (В UNHCRВ 2010). В 594В 000В refugeesВ areВ saidВ toВ stayВ inВ GermanyВ andВ 10, В 8В mioВ immigrantsВ areВ livingВ hereВ longВ term.

TheВ countriesВ withВ theВ mostВ IDPsВ areВ Turkey, В GeorgiaВ andВ Azerbaidjan. (В IDMCВ 2010). В one particular

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IDP: Internally Displaced Person

Melanie J. Waetke, Katastrophenpsychologie

Mental Health of Refugees in Europe

RecentlyВ mostВ refugeesВ arrivingВ inВ EuropeВ areВ comingВ fromВ countriesВ likeВ Syria, В Somalia, В AfghanistanВ orВ Mali. В TheyВ areВ runningВ awayВ fromВ civilВ war, В civilВ unrest, В politicalВ persecutionВ orВ economicalВ reasons. В TheseВ areВ theВ soВ­calledВ PushВ­factors. В PullВ­factorsВ areВ foundВ inВ theВ countriesВ theВ refugeesВ areВ goingВ toВ to. В SuchВ pullВ­factorВ canВ beВ meals, В familyВ reunionВ orВ theВ possibilityВ toВ findВ work. InВ 2012В almostВ 30. 000В refugeesВ crossedВ theВ bordersВ intoВ EuropeВ searchingВ forВ foodВ andВ basic safety. (SabrinaВ Pabst, В 2013)

ThereВ areВ 4В mainВ enteringВ routesВ intoВ Europe.

TheВ mostВ frequentedВ oneВ isВ theВ oneВ comingВ fromВ theВ east, В theВ soВ­called „EasternВ MediterraneanВ Route". В FurthermoreВ thereВ areВ theВ routesВ comingВ fromВ AfricaВ thatВ areВ leadingВ intoВ Spain, В FranceВ orВ Italy. В

Frontex2В isВ stoppingВ aВ bigВ amountВ ofВ peopleВ thatВ areВ tryingВ toВ enterВ intoВ Europe. В ItВ wouldВ be aВ wholeВ otherВ topicВ toВ goВ intoВ furtherВ detailВ aboutВ howВ closeВ FrontexВ sailsВ toВ theВ windВ andВ theВ correctnessВ ofВ theirВ actionsВ accordingВ toВ theВ GenevaВ ConventionsВ relatingВ toВ theВ statusВ ofВ refugees. В

SinceВ 1988В theВ mediaВ reportedВ 19. 144В peopleВ haveВ diedВ atВ theВ attemptВ ofВ crossingВ theВ outerВ bordersВ intoВ europeВ (GabrieleВ deВ Grande, В 2014).

3. В RefugeesВ inВ Europe

There are different documents that seperate people coming to Europe into „refugees",  „migrants",  „sans papiers"  or „boat people"  and other acronyms. According to international law there are refugees and migrants.

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Frontex: European Organization for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the Exterior Borders in the Member Declares of the European Union

Melanie T. Waetke, Katastrophenpsychologie

Mental Health of Political refugees in The european countries...

Bibliography: Benedek, В D. Meters. В (2011). В ClinicalВ ManualВ forВ ManagmentВ ofВ PTSD. В Arlington: В AmericanВ

PsychatricВ PublishingВ Inc.

DeВ Grande, В G. В (2014). В FortressВ Europe. В LastВ access: В 02. 02. 2014В fromВ

http://www.fortresseuropeВ­В blogspot. de/immigrantsВ­deadВ­atВ­frontiersВ­ofВ­europe_16. html code

Haro, В M., В Carta, В M., В Bernal, В M. В (2010). В ImmigrationВ andВ MentalВ Health, В pageВ 10. В o. O., В o. V.

Wellness, В N. C. В (2005). В PostВ traumaticВ StressВ Disorder. В NationalВ ClinicВ PracticeВ GuidelineВ Vol. В

26, В pageВ 343. В London: В GaskellВ andВ theВ BritishВ PsychologyВ Society

Marine, В J., В Vahlotis, В M. В (2010). В UNHCR. В AbgerufenВ amВ 02. 02. 2014В 19: 42В vonВ

http://unhcr.org.uk/resources/monthlyВ­updates/octoberВ­2010/greece.html

MГ©decinesВ sansВ FrontiГЁresВ (2007), В RefugeeВ Health. В AnВ approachВ toВ emergencyВ situations. В

PageВ 286В­291. MacmillianВ UK

NorwegianВ RefugeeВ CouncilВ (2010). В InternalВ DisplacementВ MonitoringВ Center 'sВ (IDMC), В

InternalВ Displacement, В GlobalВ OverviewВ inВ TrendsВ andВ Developments

Papst, В S. В (2013В ). В EscapingВ EuropeВ­В noВ matterВ whatВ price. В DW. В LastВ access: В 03. 02. 2014В vonВ

http://dw.de/p/19yagВ

Mental Health of Refugees in Europe

UNВ (1951). В ConventionВ relatingВ toВ theВ StatusВ ofВ Refugees, В Art. 1AВ (2), В modifiedВ byВ theВ 1967

protocol, В pageВ 5

UnitedВ NationsВ DepartementВ ofВ EconomicВ andВ SocialВ AffairsВ (UNВ DESA)В (2008). В TrendsВ inВ

UNHCRВ (2010). В GlobalВ TrendsВ 2010. В lastВ access: В 03. 02. 2014В fromВ

http://unhcr.org/statistics

WHOВ (2007). В IntegratingВ mentalВ healthВ servicesВ intoВ primaryВ healthВ care.

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