Budget Deficits and Current Account Disequilibrium in Nigeria: a great Econometric Research, 1970 -- 2010. Composition

Budget Deficits and Saving account Disequilibrium in Nigeria: A great Econometric Exploration (1970-2010)


Iyeli I. Iyeli, (Ph. D), Clement Utting and Jacob Um. Owan

Office Of Economics

University Of Calabar

Calabar, Nigeria

email-based: [email protected] com; Tel: +2348036558316


This kind of study upon budget deficits and saving account disequilibrium in Nigeria attempts to investigate the consequences of budget loss on current account within the time frame of 1970-2010. Data with this study had been sourced through the publication of CBN and NBS. The research discovered that in addition to inflation which will caused a reduction in the current account balance of Nigeria, the rest of the factors particularly price range deficits stimulates an increase in Nigeria's current account. The study was carried out using the tactics of co-integration and error correction system. However , several policy recommendations have been manufactured believing that government through these recommendations will consider it appropriate for the expansion of the Nigeria economy and curtail unneeded fluctuations in her balance of obligations.

Keyword: Budget Deficits, Current Account Balance, Disequilibrium, macroeconomic coverage and macroeconomic management


The major difficulty of macroeconomic management inside the third world countries including Nigeria has been the determination of price range deficit and current account disequilibrium, which normally leads to the overall balance of payments disequilibrium. In these producing economies, the phenomenon can be characterized by unnecessary hardship, decrease in external reserves, exterior debts complications, low per-capita income, pumpiing, corruption to mention but some.

Consequently, the main preoccupation of macro-economic policy makers is definitely the maintenance of healthy and balanced and sustainable balance of payments steadiness.

Budget shortage which is too much expenditure over revenue has some macroeconomic relates to balance of payments deficit which is the surplus of the principles of the credit rating items in the current account. It should be noted that this constant disequilibrium through the years might have been caused by some financial and political factors.

The movement of budget deficit and current account balance inside the 1960's show case repeated divergence between early days of independence, Nigerian government in its fiscal procedures recorded to a large extent regular budget excess from 1960-1969. In the same vein, the present account balance in this period shows more of shortage (CBN, 1995). The first occurrence of twin debt in Nigeria's fiscal procedures and current account balance was in 1970 in which budget deficit was almost eight. 6% of GDP plus the current account shortfall was zero. 9% of GDP. Likewise in 1972 shortage occurred in the two country's monetary operation and current account situation. Co – existence of surplus was written in the money balance and current account harmony in 1973 and 1974, this period tag the time of windfall income in the sales of oil in the international market (CBN, 1997).

The twin deficit reoccurred in Nigerian economy between 1981-1983 pursuing several federal government finances that increased their expenditure as well as the volatility of oil value in the foreign market. Many government insurance plan measures inside the post SAP period also resulted to the occurrence of deficit inside the budget and current account balance from 1986-1989. Co-movement with the budget shortfall and saving account deficits are visible in the periods of 1992-1994.

The time 1997 and 1998 as well show a simultaneous deficits in the country's fiscal and current account harmony where the budget deficit and current account debt averaged a few. 3 and 2 . 8% of GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT respectively.

The many years movement of 1998-2000 were also amount of deficits in the country's monetary operations and current account (A. E. U, 2008). The dimensions of this financial and saving account imbalance is a concern to policy creators and shareholders coupled with the simple fact that right now there...

References: A E O. (2008) African Economical outlook, Moulineaux, France. " Advertisement of stock prices” financial supervision vol. sixteen, No . two

Ahmed A

Ajayi, T. I. and Ojo, U. O. (1978): Economic pertaining to Senior Secondary Schools.

Ali, S. S i9000. (2006) Very long – operate linkages between budget and trade loss in Lebanon ILUMI Financial Management. 13: 29 – 48.

Amadi, S. N. and Osaro, O. (2000); Security Charges and Nigeria Capital Marketplace 1985 – 1994: Some Reflections Africa Journals of Business and economics Analysis vol. 1 pp thirty-five – forty-eight.

Asogu, T. O. (1998), An Econometric Analysis in the Relative Strength of Economic and fiscal Coverage in Nigeria. Central Traditional bank of Nigeria Economic and Financial Review Vol. thirty six No . 2 .

Central Lender of Nigeria (1995) Gross annual Reports and Statement of Account

Central Bank of Nigeria (1997) Annual Information and Statement of Consideration

Chete, D. N. Egwaikhide. F. Um. and Falokin G. O. (1994) Exchange Rates Management, AERC, Kenya.

Cuthbertson, S. Hall G. and Taylor, M. G. (1992): Applied Econometrics Methods December Depreciation, budget shortfall and inflation – The Nigerian Encounter African Financial Research Holding (Research daily news 26 November)

Ekpo, A

Ezeabasili, Sixth is v. N. and Mojekwu, T. N. (2011), Analysis of fiscal failures and interest levels in Nigeria. Journal of Economics and International Financial, vol. a few, pp 236 – 245.

Falegan, S i9000. B. (1978) Trend in Nigeria Budget and Equilibrium of Obligations and Friend and M. Puckett (1964): Dividend and Stock Prices” American economical Review, volume. 2, pp 212 – 258

Korus, D

Kreinin, M. (1967) " Price Elasticities in International Trade” Review of Monetary and Stats.

Krugman, L (1993), International Finance and Economic Creation in France: Issues and Experience, edited by A. Giovanni, Cambridge School Press.

Nissanke, M and E. Ayeetey (1998), " Financial Incorporation and Advancement: Liberalization and Reform in sub-Saharan African” Routledge.

Njang, B. W. (1996) Absorption and Economic Approach to Equilibrium of Boyd, J. H. and Schonfeld, E. L (1977); " the effect of economic press.

Nnanna, J. and Dogo, Meters. (1998), Structural Reform of Monetary Coverage and Economical Deepening: The Nigerian Encounter. MIMEO.

Obaseki, P. M. (1991). Foreign Exchange Management in Nigeria: Earlier, Present and Future. CBN Economic and Financial Assessment 29(1) 03.

Ojo, Meters. O. (1990). The Managing of Foreign currency Resources beneath Nigeria's strength Adjustment Program. CBN, Monetary and Financial Review 28(4) December.

Oladipo, S. O. and Akinbola, T. U. (2011) Price range deficit and inflation in Nigeria: A causal Romance. Journal of emerging trend in economics and management Sciences (JETEMS) 29 (1): 1-8

Olanipekun, d

Olisadebe, E. U. (1993): The Supervision of Nigeria Budget and Balance of Payments Onibonije press and book sectors Ltd, Nigeria.

Ratha, A. (2012) Dual deficit or distance cousins? Evidence via India – South Asia Economics Record 123: 51 – 68

Tahir, Meters, Z

Tchokote, J. (2005) an empirical analysis from the impact of budget deficit on the current account balance in Cameroon. African journal of economic coverage vol. 12.

Accounting Cases- Kaplan Essay