Morality, Values, and Determination in Lawrence Kohlberg's Phases of Moral DevelopmentMorality, Values, and Determination in Lawrence Kohlberg's Phases of Moral Development

Morality, Values, and Inspiration in Lawrence Kohlberg's Levels of Moral Development

The articles associated with this assignment talk about three important areas of human psychology: Morality, ideals, and motivation. The to begin the three addresses Lawrence Kohlberg’s phases of moral development (UCF, 2015), which really helps to section off our chronological development of morality into selected stages. These phases, in brief summation, include pre-moral (the obsession with forcing your might onto others and fearing punishment), standard morality (which targets appearing socially suitable and how exactly we judge the activities of others directly), and lastly postconventional (the 3rd, ultimate stage wherein which we reserve our needs to be able to determine what is just or essential to help everyone).*1

The second article (WSU, 2015) covers our values, or even more simply: how we determine what activities to have, and how those activities form who we are. It explains that people discover these ideals of ours by determining which kinds (when fulfilled) produce us content, or at peace. These values are shattered into two types: Instrumental, meaning character characteristics, and terminal, meaning issues we can work at as goals.

In the 3rd and final document (Stuart-Kotze, 2015), motivation theory is addressed. It includes four theories specifically, which I will once more briefly summarize. Initially, there’s the Hierarchy of Necessities, by Abraham Maslow. This classification of needs

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